The new Campus Øst will be Norway's most exciting development area, and has with the goal of positioning itself among the world´s leading environments for higher education, research, innovation and sustainability.
NMBU: Campus Øst
Client: Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Size: 174 072 m2
Location: Ås, Norway
Type: Campus Masterplanning, Urbanism
Collaborators: Oslo Works AS, Natural State AS
A new development of over 138,000 m2 is planned, with several new strong identity buildings and outdoor areas. It is planned for a rich and business-friendly city floor with premises for, among other things, catering, trade and services, outdoor and indoor squares, sports functions, exhibition centre, course and conference rooms.
The outdoor area will be enriched with new parks, avenues, rooftop parks, squares and meeting places, a new city street, bio-dam and urban agriculture available to the whole of Ås. In the buildings, you will find modern premises for teaching, research, offices and co-working, student accommodation, as well as a new innovation arena with its own roof terrace and a view of the entire Ås.
Analysis: Campus in historical context - 1920
In the Regulation Plan from 1920 - as we see here, it comes out clearly how you wanted to connect the campus to Ås via a route system - and to the surrounding landscape via sight lines and axes. From 1920, the plan was further developed by Olav Leif Moen (Norway's first professor in landscape architecture) until his death in 1951. He kept the route system, but worked forward some minor changes where the route system meets the center of Ås. Moen's plans show a consistent concern for both that the surrounding natural landscape and the content within, with i.a. residential areas, parks, educational buildings, sports and service offerings in the rectangles - and also the connection between these via roads and vegetation. Sight lines from central buildings connecting the campus area together, as well the surrounding landscape.
Analysis: Campus in historical context - 1945
Vegetation volumes and systems are given a heaviness in the plans and extends from the central and oldest campus area to surrounding areas that were important to the further development of the campus and Ås center. The vegetation is showing as guiding along important thoroughfares between the campus and Ås station.
Campus in historical context - 1954 >
After Olav Moen's death in 1951, the plans became changed to a more modernist form which as a result of the car's ever-increasing size. Some of the route system disappeared, and in particular the outskirts towards the center of Ås changed to an inward-facing circular shape where the cars could drive around. Campus Øst is not very detailed - and stands out as an open area where the grid system has been removed and today, the area is experienced as a kind of suburbia, with the logic of the car leading the way for the form. In this plan the vegetation also disappeared along roads, the park and in the surrounding countryside.
A linear learning arena with pedagogical sequences
The conclusion of historical analysis is that we think it is important to build upon the history and bind the area together with the old grid system, important axis and connect the area with a blue and green axis and to build on the story-telling through the landscape to connect the historical areas. We belive in connecting the campus and strengthening it through stronger corridors and not to create another "new layer".
By allowing the campus to extend from Ås. The park can become the center of Nordskogen, a linear learning arena with pedagogicalsequences of different landscapes and landscape systems that bind together the urban and rural qualities of Ås to a whole.